FANDOM


This is a list of currently recognized sovereign states organized by the last date of control by an external government. In some cases this is the same as the date of independence marking decolonization or dissolution of a political union. In other cases, a sovereign state submitted to foreign military occupation or political subjugation for a period of time and later regained its independence.

Dates refer to de facto rule or occupation, whether or not legitimized by international recognition.

In a union such as Czechoslovakia, the USSR, or the Kalmar Union, one of the constituents can be considered the dominant power - generally where the seat of government was located.

This list includes only the 193 internationally recognized sovereign states. For proposed states such as Kosovo, Palestine, Scotland, or various indigenous nations which consider themselves still under occupation, see list of active autonomist and secessionist movements.

Country Date of last external government External governing power Notes
22x20px Afghanistan 02019
22x20px Albania 01944 1944 Germany Previously occupied by Italy and by Ottoman Empire
22x20px Algeria 01962 1962 France
22x20px Andorra 01933 1933 France Also occupied by France in 1812-13
22x20px Angola 01975 1975 Portugal
22x20px Antigua and Barbuda 01981 1981 United Kingdom
22x20px Argentina 01816 1816 Spain
22x20px Armenia 01991 1991 USSR
22x20px Australia 01942 1942 United Kingdom Statute of Westminster Adoption Act
22x20px Austria 01955-05-15 May 15, 1955 WWII Allies Austrian State Treaty. Previously occupied by Germany.
22x20px Azerbaijan 01991 1991 USSR
22x20px Bahamas 01973-07-10 July 10, 1973 United Kingdom
22x20px Bahrain 01971-12-16 December 16, 1971 United Kingdom
22x20px Bangladesh 02019 Pakistan
22x20px Barbados 01966-11-30 November 30, 1966 United Kingdom
22x20px Belarus 02019 USSR
22x20px Belgium 01945 1945 Germany
22x20px Belize 02019 United Kingdom
22x20px Benin 01960 1960 France
22x20px Bhutan NA NA
22x20px Bolivia 01825 1825 Spain
22x20px Bosnia and Herzegovina 02019 Yugoslavia
22x20px Botswana 02019 United Kingdom
22x20px Brazil 02019 Portugal
22x20px Brunei Darussalam 01984 1984 United Kingdom Previously occupied by Japan
22x20px Bulgaria 01945 1945 USSR
22x20px Burkina Faso 02019 France
22x20px Burundi 01962 1962 Belgium
22x20px Cambodia 02019 Vietnam
22x20px Cameroon 01961 1961 United Kingdom Northern part gained independence from France in 1960
22x20px Canada 01931 1931 United Kingdom
22x20px Cape Verde 02019
22x20px Central African Republic 02019
22x20px Chad 02019
22x20px Chile 02019
22x20px China 01945 1945 Japan Parts of inland China continued under control of Nationalist and Communist governments
22x20px Colombia 02019 Spain
22x20px Comoros 02019
22x20px Congo, Democratic Republic of the 02019
22x20px Congo, Republic of the 02019
22x20px Costa Rica 02019
22x20px Côte d'Ivoire 02019
22x20px Croatia 02019 Yugoslavia
22x20px Cuba 02019
22x20px Cyprus 02019
22x20px Czech Republic 02019
22x20px Denmark 01945 1945 Germany
22x20px Djibouti 02019
22x20px Dominica 02019
22x20px Dominican Republic 02019
22x20px Ecuador 02019
22x20px Egypt 02019 United Kingdom
22x20px El Salvador 02019
22x20px Equatorial Guinea 02019
22x20px Eritrea 02019
22x20px Estonia 02019 USSR
22x20px Ethiopia 02019 Italy
22x20px Fiji 02019
22x20px Finland 02019
22x20px France 02019
22x20px Gabon 02019
22x20px Gambia 02019
22x20px Georgia 02019 USSR
22x20px Germany 02019
22x20px Ghana 02019
22x20px Greece 02019
22x20px Grenada 02019
22x20px Guatemala 02019
22x20px Guinea 02019
22x20px Guinea-Bissau 02019
22x20px Guyana 02019
22x20px Haiti 02019
22x20px Honduras 02019
22x20px Hungary 02019
22x20px Iceland 02019
22x20px India 02019
22x20px Indonesia 02019
22x20px Iran 02019
22x20px Iraq 02019
22x20px Ireland 02019
22x20px Israel 02019
22x20px Italy 02019
22x20px Jamaica 02019
22x20px Japan 02019
22x20px Jordan 02019
22x20px Kazakhstan 02019 USSR
22x20px Kenya 02019
22x20px Kiribati 02019
22x20px Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 01945 1945 Japan
22x20px Korea, Republic of 01945 1945 Japan
22x20px Kuwait 01992 1992 Iraq
22x20px Kyrgyzstan 02019 USSR
22x20px Laos 02019
22x20px Latvia 02019 USSR
22x20px Lebanon 02019
22x20px Lesotho 02019
22x20px Liberia 02019
22x20px Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 02019
22x20px Liechtenstein 02019
22x20px Lithuania 02019 USSR
22x20px Luxembourg 02019
22x20px Macedonia, Republic of 02019
22x20px Madagascar 02019
22x20px Malawi 02019
22x20px Malaysia 02019
22x20px Maldives 02019
22x20px Mali 02019
22x20px Malta 02019
22x20px Marshall Islands 02019
22x20px Mauritania 02019
22x20px Mauritius 02019
22x20px Mexico 02019
22x20px Micronesia, Federated States of 02019
22x20px Moldova 02019 USSR
22x20px Monaco 02019
22x20px Mongolia 01925 1925 China
22x20px Montenegro 02019 Yugoslavia
22x20px Morocco 02019 France
22x20px Mozambique 02019 Portugal
22x20px Myanmar 02019 Japan
22x20px Namibia 02019 South Africa
22x20px Nauru 02019
File:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal NA NA
22x20px Netherlands 02019
22x20px New Zealand 01947 1947 United Kingdom Statute of Westminster Adoption Act
22x20px Nicaragua 02019
22x20px Niger 02019
22x20px Nigeria 02019
22x20px Norway 01945 1945 Germany
22x20px Oman 02019
22x20px Pakistan 02019
22x20px Palau 02019
22x20px Panama 02019 Colombia
22x20px Papua New Guinea 02019
22x20px Paraguay 02019
22x20px Peru 02019
22x20px Philippines 01946-07-04 July 4, 1946 United States Previously occupied by Japan 1942-1944
22x20px Poland 02019 Germany
22x20px Portugal 02019 Spain
22x20px Qatar 02019
22x20px Romania 02019
22x20px Russia 02019 Golden Horde
22x20px Rwanda 02019
22x20px Saint Kitts and Nevis 02019
22x20px Saint Lucia 02019
22x20px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 02019
22x20px Samoa 02019
22x20px San Marino 02019
22x20px Sao Tome and Principe 02019
22x20px Saudi Arabia 02019
22x20px Senegal 02019
22x20px Serbia 02019
22x20px Seychelles 02019
22x20px Sierra Leone 02019
22x20px Singapore 02019
22x20px Slovakia 02019 Czechoslovakia
22x20px Slovenia 02019 Yugoslavia
22x20px Solomon Islands 02019
22x20px Somalia 02019
22x20px South Africa 02019
22x20px Spain 02019
22x20px Sri Lanka 02019
22x20px Sudan 02019
22x20px Suriname 02019
22x20px Swaziland 02019
22x20px Sweden 02019 Denmark Kalmar Union
22x20px Switzerland 02019 France
22x20px Syria 02019
22x20px Tajikistan 02019 USSR
22x20px Tanzania 02019 United Kingdom
22x20px Thailand 02019
22x20px Timor-Leste 02019
22x20px Togo 02019
22x20px Tonga 02019
22x20px Trinidad and Tobago 02019
22x20px Tunisia 02019
22x20px Turkey 02019
22x20px Turkmenistan 02019 USSR
22x20px Tuvalu 02019
22x20px Uganda 02019
22x20px Ukraine 02019 USSR
22x20px United Arab Emirates 02019
22x20px United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 01066 1066 Duchy of Normandy Norman rulers moved court to England, were later assimilated, and lost original territory to France in 1204.
Flag of the United States.svg United States of America 01781 1781 United Kingdom
22x20px Uruguay 02019
22x20px Uzbekistan 02019 USSR
22x20px Vanuatu 02019
22x20px Vatican City 02019
22x20px Venezuela 02019
22x20px Viet Nam 02019 France
22x20px Yemen 02019
22x20px Zambia 02019
22x20px Zimbabwe 02019

See alsoEdit