This is a list of firsts. This list includes notable first-time occurrences, along with those involved.

Government Edit

Laws and constitution Edit

Leaders Edit

Antiquity to the seventeenth century Edit

Eighteenth century onwardsEdit


See also : List of the first female holders of political office in Europe

Crime and punishment Edit

Society and economyEdit


Travel and explorationEdit

See also List of circumnavigations.

Rail transportEdit


See List of firsts in aviation.

Geographic North PoleEdit

See List of firsts in the Geographic North Pole.

Magnetic North PoleEdit

Mount EverestEdit

Beyond the EarthEdit

Science, discoveries, inventions, and innovationsEdit

Natural historyEdit

  • First homo sapiens: the Omo Remains include Omo I, the earliest known fossils of Homo sapiens (idaltu), dated to around 190,000 years ago.[6] This is considerably older than the 160,000-year-old Herto remains, which had been thought to be the earliest humans, and suggests that, if humans did originate in Africa as is currently thought, they did not expand from there for much longer than previously thought.
  • First European child born in the New World: Snorri Thorfinnsson
  • First observed transit of a planet across the sun, Mercury, by Pierre Gassendi in 1631.
  • First planet discovered by mathematical prediction (as opposed to regular observation): Neptune in September 23, 1846
  • First international scientific collaboration: Observation of the transit of Venus 1761 and 1769
  • First confirmation of extrasolar planets: Three bodies orbiting PSR B1257+12 by Aleksander Wolszczan and Dale Frail in 1992.
  • First confirmation of an active volcanic eruption occurring on a seamount: by scientists at the University of Hawai‘i on Lo‘ihi in 1996

Life sciences Edit

For a list of firsts in organ transplants, see Organ transplant#Timeline of successful transplants

Human heart Edit


Traffic lightsEdit

Nuclear weaponsEdit

Information and communications technologyEdit

Computers, the Internet, and the World Wide WebEdit


American football Edit

Association football (soccer) Edit

Canadian football Edit




By country Edit

See also Edit

References Edit


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